This movement started in the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1950s and 1960s. The Bay Area figurative painters reacted against Abstract Expressionism, which was the prevailing style at the time. The Bay Area figurative painters renewed interest in representational art and the human body. They wanted to return to painting what they could see.
Pop Art borrows images from popular culture and mass media. It emerged in the 1940s, ‘50s, and ‘60s as a response to widespread consumerism. Pop Art uses irony to challenge and engage with popular culture, including its own place in popular culture.