The Harlem Renaissance was a flourishing of Black culture in the 1920s. It centered around Harlem in New York but it quickly spread throughout the world and found a sister city in Paris. It was a wide-ranging movement in visual art, literature, music, dance, fashion, and politics.
The Political Pop movement emerged in China during the 1980s as a response to the quickly changing political and social climate. The movement combined elements of Pop art with socialist-realist images that circulated during the Cultural Revolution.
This movement started in the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1950s and 1960s. The Bay Area figurative painters reacted against Abstract Expressionism, which was the prevailing style at the time. The Bay Area figurative painters renewed interest in representational art and the human body. They wanted to return to painting what they could see.