Art Nouveau was an international movement that revolutionized decorative arts. It embraced natural forms in the face of modernization, industrialization, and urbanization. Art Nouveau combined modern materials with the asymmetry and curvilinearity of the natural world.
Short for optical art, this style of art uses optical illusion. Op Art is abstract and usually made in black and white, though some optical artists used color and color contrast to great effect.
Pop Art borrows images from popular culture and mass media. It emerged in the 1940s, ‘50s, and ‘60s as a response to widespread consumerism. Pop Art uses irony to challenge and engage with popular culture, including its own place in popular culture.