New Realism

The French art critic, Pierre Restany advocated a "poetic recycling of urban, industrial and advertising reality.” Restany partnered with the French painter, Yves Klein to create a new group of artists called the New Realists.


Superflat is a contemporary art movement founded by Japanese artist, Takashi Murakami.

Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance was a flourishing of Black culture in the 1920s. It centered around Harlem in New York but it quickly spread throughout the world and found a sister city in Paris. It was a wide-ranging movement in visual art, literature, music, dance, fashion, and politics.

Political Pop

The Political Pop movement emerged in China during the 1980s as a response to the quickly changing political and social climate. The movement combined elements of Pop art with socialist-realist images that circulated during the Cultural Revolution.

Bay Area Figurative

This movement started in the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1950s and 1960s. The Bay Area figurative painters reacted against Abstract Expressionism, which was the prevailing style at the time. The Bay Area figurative painters renewed interest in representational art and the human body. They wanted to return to painting what they could see.