Movements

Bay Area Figurative

Wayne Thiebuad, Woman in Tub (1965). Oil on canvas. 35 3/4 by 60 in. 90.8 x 152.4 cm.

This movement started in the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1950s and 1960s. The Bay Area figurative painters reacted against Abstract Expressionism, which was the prevailing style at the time. 

The Bay Area figurative painters renewed interest in representational art and the human body. They wanted to return to painting what they could see. 

Wayne Thiebaud, Richard Diebenkorn, and Henrietta Berk are among the most famous Bay Area figurative artists.

Image: Wayne Thiebuad, Woman...


Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau was an international movement that revolutionized decorative arts. It embraced natural forms in the face of modernization, industrialization, and urbanization. Art Nouveau combined modern materials with the asymmetry and curvilinearity of the natural world.

Op Art

Short for optical art, this style of art uses optical illusion. Op Art is abstract and usually made in black and white, though some optical artists used color and color contrast to great effect.

Pop Art

Pop Art borrows images from popular culture and mass media. It emerged in the 1940s, ‘50s, and ‘60s as a response to widespread consumerism. Pop Art uses irony to challenge and engage with popular culture, including its own place in popular culture.